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The 1895 Church of StuArt

The First Community Church in Stuart, Florida

Our Big Thank you to Alice L. Luckhardt and Sandra Henderson Thurlow for the provided historical information.

The First Community Church in Stuart Florida 1902 MCLM Media Pro Digital Marketing on the Treasure Coast
This little Methodist Church, completed shortly before Potsdam’s name was changed to Stuart in June 1895, was the community’s only house of worship for many years. It stood about where the new Roosevelt Bridge touches down today. (`1902, Thurlow /Ruhnke Collection)

The town’s first church was built by the First Methodist Church in May 1895 with wood supplies sent via a boat from Titusville. Its dedication was June 1895. The church was painted white with a red roof. The unique church steeple guided newcomers down the St. Lucie River and attracted attention of the passengers on the first FEC Railway trains. Other religious congregations could also use the building until they built their own local church, the reason for reference as a ‘Community Church’.

The First Community Church in Stuart Florida 1902 MCLM Media Pro Digital Marketing on the Treasure Coast

Originally located on the southwest side of the FEC tracks between Dixie Highway and Avenue E (now known as US Highway 1), it was part of Kitching Addition (land which had been donated by Walter and Emma Kitching) in the Potsdam Subdivision, Block 8, Lots 7 and 10 and placed close to the tracks so anyone traveling via the train could see the church steeple and know this was a civilized town. Just before 1900 there were 12 members for the Methodist Church.

The First Community Church in Stuart Florida 1902 MCLM Media Pro Digital Marketing on the Treasure Coast
Three men sit on the stoop of Stuart’s first church. Walter Kitching’s general merchandise store can be seen in the background and smoke from a passing wood-burning locomotive appears in the right-band corner. (Photo courtesy Historical Society of Martin County)

The seating capacity of the Community Church is unknown but would have be small in accord with the area’s population.  Stuart’s population (whites and blacks) in 1900 was just under 100 people.  In 1915-16 the population was about 1,000, and by 1917-1918 it was 1,200.

The First Methodist Church built another church building away from the railroad tracks, near Albany Ave in 1907, and the former community church was then used by numerous commercial businesses including the Hogarth real estate office, a restaurant, fruit store, The Stuart Times newspaper office and print shop, and Stuart Chamber of Commerce.

Members of the local Episcopal Church of All Saints in Jensen began planning on building a Stuart Episcopal Church in June 1925.  They figured it would cost $30,000.  Raising the necessary funds took awhile and in the mean time with hurricanes striking Florida including Stuart, banks closing and investment money not available, the hope of a church vanished.

A major move and transformation occurred in 1930 when a new reorganized Stuart Episcopal congregation still in need of a building looked at the former Community Church.  This now deserted 1895 church was purchased for $300 by the congregation and moved in the summer 1930 to two donated lots (from Stanley Kitching and John Charles Hancock)  on West 3rd Street and then renovated by the church members.  Men with nails, hammers, saws, lumber and paint have been rushing about in an effort to transform the little building into an Episcopal church. This included removing the tall original steeple. They enlarged and improved the building with special wooden trim ‘arches’ made to adorn the outside windows and a Sunday School addition was built onto the original structure.

Squads of ladies armed with pins, needles and sundry materials have taken up their “residence,” with grim determination to have everything ready.  No one could imagine what the united effort of those loyal and gallant church members could produce without a peek inside the now completed edifice. The little building was now not as small as it may look from the outside. It has comfortable seating capacity for 85 people not including the choir of about 10 persons.

The First Community Church in Stuart Florida 1902 MCLM Media Pro Digital Marketing on the Treasure Coast
The building that served as the community’s first church was purchased by local Episcopalians, moved to West Third Street, and dedicated as St. Mary’s Episcopal Church in 1932. (Photo courtesy Leona Rue Luckhardt)

In January 1932, the building was ready for service, dedicated and named St. Mary’s Episcopal Church. Over the years the church was able to seat 120 people.

Added next door (on the left side) to the new St. Mary’s Episcopal Church was a special thatched structure which could be used for large church meetings, pageants and shows put on by different members of the congregation.

The First Community Church in Stuart Florida 1902 MCLM Media Pro Digital Marketing on the Treasure Coast
The children of St. Mary’s Episcopal Church stand beside the Parish House made with palm logs and fronds and windows salvaged from the Royal Poinciana Hotel in Palm Beach. (Photo courtesy Dr. H. H. “Dale” Hipson)
The First Community Church in Stuart Florida 1902 MCLM Media Pro Digital Marketing on the Treasure Coast
The Rev. William B. Hays who became Priest in Charge of Both All Saints and St. Mary’s on January 15, 1933, stands with the Junior Choir next to St. Mary’s Church on West 3rd Street in April 1933 (Photo courtesy Leona Rue Luckhardt)

St. Mary’s Episcopal Church grew and became a popular church in Stuart. Eventually they need a larger church. At Hospital Avenue and 4th St. (later known as East Ocean Blvd) they built in 1949-1950 a new church. They figured the old church will be moved later next to the new church to be used for Sunday School and the 3rd Street lots would be offered for sale. This did not happen, instead it remain the church’s parish house for a few years. By June 1953 St. Mary’s Episcopal Church instead had constructed a new cloister room, three Sunday School rooms and a kitchen, connected to the main church by a breeze way.

The First Community Church in Stuart Florida 1902 MCLM Media Pro Digital Marketing on the Treasure Coast
Parishioners visit with each other in front of the original St. Mary’s Episcopal Church in 1949. The new priest, Fr. G. P. Huntington stands near the doorway. (Photo courtesy Dale M. Hudson)

The 1895 church building, constructed over a hundred and twenty years ago, was made of good solid materials. Portions of the building are made of nearly indestructible Dade County pine.

In June of 2019, Olga Hamilton and Robert W. Hamilton, Jr, owners of Martin County Lifestyle Magazine, a social media marketing, photography and video production company, purchased the building of the town’s first church. Their mission is to restore the steeple and preserve the historic building. Visit us on Facebook – The 1895 Church of StuArt

The 1895 Church of Stuart - Historic Building in Downtown Stuart, Florida
Alice Luckhardt and Sandra Thurlow Stuart Heritage Museum
Alice L. Luckhardt and Sandra Henderson Thurlow at the Stuart Heritage Museum, Stuart, Florida. Their books are available at the Museum’s gift shop.

Alice L. Luckhardt, a native Floridian, historian, and genealogist, has collected and compiled rare photographs with interesting stories that document the life and times of Stuart’s early residents. These efforts, which include images from the archives of the Stuart Heritage Museum, Elliott Museum, and vast private collections, will thus preserve a permanent legacy to these industrious and daring pioneers.

Alice Luckhardt Book Stuart
“Stuart” by Alice Luckhardt

Sandra Thurlow has devoted thirty years to researching, collecting and sharing local history. Her three coffee-table-style books, Sewall’s Point: The History of a Peninsular Community on Florida’s Treasure Coast, first published in 1992 and republished in 2007, Stuart on the St. Lucie, published in 2002, and Historic Jensen and Eden on Florida’s Indian River, published in 2004, showcase photographs collected from pioneer families and community leaders. Sandra’s fourth book, Gilbert’s Bar House of Refuge ─ Home of History. published in collaboration with her daughter-in-law, Deanna Thurlow, was completed this March. The entire proceeds from book, which chronicles the history of Martin County’s oldest and most historic building, benefit the Historical Society of Martin County.

Gilbert's Bar House of Refuge  ​Home of History by by Sandra Henderson Thurlow ​and Deanna Wintercorn Thurlow
Gilbert’s Bar House of Refuge. ​Home of History by Sandra Henderson Thurlow and Deanna Wintercorn Thurlow
Olga Hamilton at The 1895 Church of Art Gallery